Meeting the challenges of animal traction
Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa


Meeting the challenges of animal traction
edited by Paul Starkey and Pascal Kaumbutho
326p, 1999, ISBN 1-85339-483-1

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Identifying the challenges: participatory research and socio-economic studies

A farming systems approach to improving draft animal power in sub-Saharan Africa	10
	Forbes Muvirimi and Jim Ellis-Jones
Participatory technology development for animal traction: experiences from a semi-arid area of Kenya	20
	David Mellis, Harriet Matsaert and Boniface Mwaniki
Socio-economic aspects of animal power: a diagnostic study in Zimbabwe	28
	R Tsimba, SChawatama, L Ndlovu, J Mutimba, P Ndlovu, K Dzama, JTopps, D Hikwa and M Mudhara
Animal traction and market conditions: a case study from south-western Tanzania and northern Zambia	33
	Torben Birch-Thomsen
Draft animal power potential and utilisation in the Tonota District of Botswana	40
	J A Karim-Sesay
Users in control: farmer participation in technology research and development	45
	Simon Croxton

Challenging environmental issues

Animal traction in Africa: analysing its environmental impact  **(NB 500 kb file) 52
	Roger Blench
Environmental influences on the adoption of animal traction	60
	Michel Havard and Gérard Le Thiec
Environmental impact of animal traction in Rukwa Region, Tanzania	68
	A M Kilemwa
Animal traction and sustainable soil productivity in Kenya	72
	Isaiah I C Wakindiki

Gender challenges

Gender and animal traction: a challenging perspective	76
	Juliana Rwelamira and Lotta Sylwander
Animal traction development and gender: experiences from Western Province, Zambia	82
	G M Bwalya and M Akombelwa
Gender and animal traction technology in eastern and southern Africa	86
	Florence Lawan Tangka
A note on gender issues in draft animal technology: experiences from Nyanza, Kenya	91
	William Onyango Ochido

Farmer knowledge, extension and training

Informal farmers' knowledge in animal traction: case studies from the southern highlands of Tanzania	94
	E Kwilligwa, J Rock, M Massunga and M Sizya
Towards privatisation in draft animal power extension in Zambia	98
	Martin van Leeuwen
Animal draft power training in Zimbabwe: experiences and future challenges	103
	B Mudamburi, B Chikwanda and J Francis
Extension methods for improving the welfare of traction animals	106
	Cheryl M E McCrindle and Limakatso E Moorosi

Animal-drawn equipment and harnessing

Conservation tillage for soil and water conservation using draft animal power in Zambia	112
	Kenneth Chelemu and Peter Nindi
The supply of animal-drawn implements in Tanzania	118
	S Mkomwa and R M Shetto
Introducing animal-drawn cultivators in north Namibia: preliminary results and reasons for hope	125
	Imalwa Veikko and Carole Pitois
Dynamic steering response of animal drawn plows	130
	J.M Mutua and P A Cowell
Developing suitable yokes for draft oxen in sub-Saharan Africa	134
	Gérard Le Thiec and Michel Havard
Design and manufacture of a withers yoke for zebu oxen and cows	140
	Wells F Kumwenda
Harnessing techniques and work performance of draft horses in Ethiopia	143
	Mengistu Geza

Animal-based transport

Meeting the challenge of animal-based transport **(NB 350 kb file)	150
	Ron Dennis
The development of low-cost animal-drawn carts 	170
	C E Oram
Ox carts in Kaoma, Zambia	176
	Martin van Leeuwen and Nawa Siyambango
A note on improving animal-drawn transport in Uganda   183
	Victor Ogwang
The ‘Golovan’ one-ox cart	184
	Bruce Joubert

Animal issues: donkey use, cow traction and feeding

The challenges in using donkeys for work in Africa	190
	R A Pearson, E Nengomasha and R C Krecek
The potential of cow traction in the East African highlands	199
	E Zerbini, Alemu Gebre Wold and B I Shapiro
Cow traction in Chokwe, Mozambique	212
	O Faftine and A Mutsando
Comparative draft performance of oxen and heifers in northern Sierra Leone	216
	G O Cole and J Steinbach
Dry season crop residue feeding for improved draft power in Zambia	220
	J H Meinderts, M Chibango and N Mwenda

Social and economic challenges in West Africa

Ox traction in a long-term perspective: policy implications of a socio-economic study in Ghana	226
	J H Hesse and A Runge-Metzger
The potential for animal traction in south-western Nigeria	235
	Adebiyi Gregory Daramola
Evolution of farming systems and the adoption and profitability of animal traction	239
	Kizito Langha
The effects of the on-going war on animal traction in Sierra Leone	247
	Abu B Bangura

National challenges and perspectives

The challenges of animal traction in Tanzania	252
	H Sosovele
Animal traction in Mozambique: results from a survey of small-scale farmers	258
	Alfredo de Toro and Alfredo B Nhantumbo
The challenges of reintroducing animal traction in post-war Mozambique	264
	Alix von Keyserlingk
Animal draft power in South Africa: past, present and future	269
	Richard Fowler
Animal draft power challenges in Zimbabwe	274
	J Francis, B Mudamburi and B Chikwanda
Surveying animal traction use in Zambia	278
	Henk J Dibbits
Possible initiatives for increased utilisation of animal traction in Malawi	290
	M L Mwinjilo
Workhorses in Norway	293
	Martin Aeschlimann
Improving animal traction technology in Cuba	296
	Arcadio Ríos

Addressing the challenges: project experiences

Animal traction development in Iringa Region, Tanzania: project approaches and future requirements	300
	R Mwanakulya
The development of animal traction in Tanzania in recent years	304
	R N Mtunze and M G Lyimo
Reviving cotton production in eastern Uganda: the animal traction perspective	306
	Alex Nyugo and John Olupot
Hiring and lending of oxen for plowing in Kaoma, Zambia	308
	Kennedy Kakwaba and Martin van Leeuwen
Challenges of animal draft technologies in North Western Province, Zambia	313
	Ivor Mukuka
Challenges and constraints of animal traction in Luapula Province, Zambia	319
	Alexander Mutali
Index	322
In ATNESA countries, this book can be obtained from the national networks. 

It is available worldwide from:
Intermediate Technology Publications

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