Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa
Document resources on profitability

Various documents relating to profitability are available. 
Some of these documents derive from ATNESA workshops or the workshops of the West Africa Animal Traction Network. Some have been prepared by animal traction specialists for other collaborating organisations or networks. 
(If you do not have Adobe Acrobat 4 which is needed to view and print these pdf files, you can download it free of charge from

Most papers have file sizes between 150 kb and 500 kb. Depending on the speed of your connection, these files will take between one and four minutes to download. Papers with photographs generally have larger files and these are marked in yellow (over one megabyte) or red (over two megabytes) and these will take longer to download. 

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Articles about

Increasing the profitability of draft animal power
        by A Panin  and J Ellis-Jones 
Government financial assistance programmes to improve the profitability of animal traction in Botswana
        by A Panin, M Mrema and M Mahabile 
A note on improving the profitability of a large-scale commercial farm in Zambia through the use of oxen
        by Bruce Danckwerts
A note on the potential profitability of animal traction in Nakuru District, Kenya
        by Paul Mugo Maina
Improving profitability of weeding technology in maize and sorghum production in Northern Nigeria
        by J O Olukosi  and A O Ogungbile 
Increasing agricultural production by using animal traction: a rural development puzzle
        by Jacques de Graaf *    
Animal traction for agricultural development in West Africa: production, impact, profitability and constraints (2MB)
        by P Starkey    

Using sxuence to understand the biological constraints that limit work animal productivity
        by A J Smith          

Rentabilité de la traction animale dans les petites exploitations marocaines
        by B Elhimdy et J Chiche  
La rentabilité du labout attelé dans la sous-préfecture de Bangouya, Guinée
        by E Huybens   
Etude comparative de rentabilité de la culture manuelle et de la culture  attelé au Togo 
        by K N Amegbeto   
Impact socio-économique de la traction animale das la province de ľ Atacora, Bénin
        by S J Kokoye   
Rôle de mécanisation dans ľ intensification de ľ agriculture en Basse Casamance, Sénégal 
        by F Ndlame, D Coulibaly et A Fall      
Profitability assessment of animal traction investment: the case of northeastern Ghana
        by A Panin   

Please note there are other resources on this subject on other pages of the ATNESA website. Keep looking!  

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